6.7. Test Segments

6.7.1. Bulk Actions
6.7.2. Creating Test Segments
6.7.3. Test Segment Details

Test Segments are grouped, predefined and encapsulated test case steps that can be used and reused in test cases.

Test Segments may be created, removed, duplicated, updated on this page. The displayed test segments may be filtered and sorted as shown in Section 5.2.6, “Filtering and Sorting” .

The Test Segment Screen

Figure 6.36. The Test Segment Screen

The Test Segments screen shows a table with all of the test segments defined for the current project. Each row of the table represents a test segment, the columns represent attributes of the test segment. The name of the test segment can be directly edited. More attributes of a test segment and its steps can be edited in on the test segment details page by clicking on the Edit icon ( Section 6.6.3, “Test Case Details” ).

The leftmost column allows test segments to be selected for bulk actions. The uppermost checkbox is a global select button, which selects or deselects all elements shown in the table. Please note that the displayed elements are subject to the current search criteria.

Test segments may be viewed on a printer-friendly page as described in Section 5.2.7, “Print Pages” as well as categorized as described in Section 5.2.8, “Categorization” .

Clicking on the delete icon removes the test segment.

6.7.1. Bulk Actions

Some bulk actions are available on the Test Segment page. Bulk actions are described in Section 5.2.11, “Bulk Actions” .

The bulk actions available on this page are: Edit , Print , Delete , Duplicate and Create new Revisions . The bulk action buttons can be found above the table on the left.

6.7.2. Creating Test Segments

Clicking the New button creates a new test segment ( Figure 6.36 ). An empty row is added at the beginning of the table. The fields Name and Traceability of the test segment can be specified. The test segment ID is automatically assigned by Klaros-Test­management. The test segment is created in the currently selected project. Clicking the edit icon opens the test segment details page where more properties of the test segment can be set ( Section 6.7.3, “Test Segment Details”). Clicking the duplicate icon allows the user to create a copy of the test segment.

6.7.3. Test Segment Details Test Segment Properties

This page ( Figure 6.37 ) allows the user to view or change the following attributes of the selected test Segment:

The Edit Test Segment Screen

Figure 6.37. The Edit Test Segment Screen

[Note] How to create a new revision of a test Segment?

Clicking the New Revision button creates a new revision of the test Segment. This button is disabled if there are any unsaved changes to the test Segment.

  • ID

    Assigned automatically.

  • Revision

    Assigned automatically and incremented every time a test segment is changed.

  • Name

    The editable name of the test segment.

  • Description

    The textual description of the test segment.

  • Traceability

    A reference to the corresponding requirement, use case or work package. User Defined Properties

User defined properties can be used to customize test Segment within Klaros-Test­management by adding custom fields. This process is described in Section 5.2.13, “User Defined Properties” . Test Case Steps

In the Steps tab, test steps may be added to or removed from the test Segment. The following attributes of single test steps may also be changed:

  • Description

    The description of the action to take, e.g. Enter name and password, and click the Login button.

  • Expected Result

    The (visible) behavior of the system predicted while carrying out the test step e.g. The user recieves a message that the login succeeded .

  • Precondition

    Condition that must be fulfilled before the execution of the test step, e.g. The user is not yet logged in.

  • Postcondition

    The environmental and state conditions that must be fulfilled after the execution of the test case e.g. The user is authenticated and has access to the system.

The Edit Test Steps Screen

Figure 6.38. The Edit Test Steps Screen

To change the order of the test steps the icon is used. This opens a dialog which allows the test step to be inserted in another position in the list. To add a new test step to the end of the list, click the icon. Test steps are inserted before or after a given step using the and icons. The clone icon is used to duplicate a step at another position. Individual steps may be minimized while editing to help to keep track of Steps which are being edited.

Pressing the Toggle View Mode displays the individual test case steps in a tabbed view to save space. The and icons can be used to expand or collapse all test case steps.

Test steps are removed by pressing on the delete icon. The Save button must be pressed to persist this change. ( Figure 6.28 ).

Pressing one of the the Insert Attachment buttons next to the Description , Expected Result , Precondition and Postcondition text fields opens up a dialog which allows to embed an attachment into the text.

The Insert Attachment Popup

Figure 6.39. The Insert Attachment Popup

Pressing the Upload Attachment button opens another dialog that allows to upload a new attachment to the test segment (see Section 5.2.12, “Attachments” ).

Pressing the Add button while having an attachment selected will insert a reference in the form of %inline-att:[attachment-identifier]% , e.g. %inline-att:9e3df155-359f-40e7-8c78-7ae9aac6a8ab% .

A Reference to an Attachment in the Expected Result Field

Figure 6.40. A Reference to an Attachment in the Expected Result Field

Depending on whether the attachment is an image, this reference will be replaced by a scalable preview image during the execution of the test segment. Otherwise, the reference will be replaced by a hyperlink that will open the attachment in a new browser tab.

An Attachment Reference replaced by a Preview of the Attachment

Figure 6.41. An Attachment Reference replaced by a Preview of the Attachment

An Attachment Reference replaced by a Hyperlink to the Attachment

Figure 6.42. An Attachment Reference replaced by a Hyperlink to the Attachment Attachments

Attachments may be added to test segment. This process is described in Section 5.2.12, “Attachments” . Revisions

Test segment are revisionable. The process of revisioning an object is described in Section 5.2.16, “Revisions” .